Common terminology in the computing world, though having complex explanation. Peer to peer networking is where all computers share and have equal task and responsibilities for processing data. In peer to peer networking all devices work as client and servers at the same time. No separate connection like in client-server networking.We can say peer to peer networking devices are both consumers and suppliers.
One can make a hybrid connection at their home where they can connect two or more computer using a LAN port. The device can share either printers or CDs without a server. This makes a complete set of peer to peer networking and client –server network.
What are the different characteristics of peer to peer networks?
- Peer to peer networking works well on small local area network (LAN). Especially on the home based LAN. It works on both the wireless and wired networks.
- P2p networks share and work on the same networks protocol using the same software.
- Since p2p networking happens in small business and homes, the devices are kept close to each.
- Individuals using broadband routers are an example of hybrid peer to peer networking. They work as client server as they share same internet connection.
Why go for peer to peer networks?
Peer to peer networking has gain popularity, homes and business owners find it more convenient. All devices work equally without leaving any tasks pending. The sole purpose of peer to peer networking is to share resources computers collaborate and share data and other file giving equal task. They share files, data and internet which saves a lot on cost. They are all receive at once in all computer devices.
- All computers have equal task and work together thus communicating with each other unlike the client-server networking.
- The processing speed is high than when each computer is working individually.
- Computers don’t depend on the input server to function.
- It easier to use software application on peer to peer network.
- The computers can share devices like printers, routers at the same time.
- Data is distributed equally among all the computer devices.
- Since there no centralized servers ne find no problems in the system. Example when using the client-server networking most information gets lost due to clogging up. Information from the clients cannot be handled by the server thus slowing down the system.
- Internet shut down due to overfeeding of information is never a problem for peer to peer networking. The devices can share the received information without any hassles.
- In home functioning peer to peer networking lack of centralized administration. Without the administration all files are arranged in one particular folder.
- Peer to peer networking is effective comes in handy when on computer fails the rest still continue working.
- The p2p networking is not expensive compared to individual networking.
- Adding new peers to the existing peers is much easier, you don’t have to configure the server.
Basically the whole peer networking process is easy and doesn’t require any expert knowledge. Its best suited for small business and home based usage.